Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, some more serious than others. Some may require emergency action and immediate care by an eye doctor, while others can be taken care of at home. Follow these guidelines for common eye injuries, to determine the next step in case of an eye emergency. Don't forget that common sense preventive protections such as using protective glasses may be your best approach to preventing eye injuries altogether.
A corneal abrasion or scratched eye is on the more serious end of the spectrum. It can lead to serious damage in a short amount of time and possibly result in blindness. Scratches are normally the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is a particle of dust or sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's critical to see your eye care practitioner or an emergency room. The best care for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely closed and to see your optometrist as quickly as possible to check it out. Rubbing the eye will only cause more harm and patching the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
Being aware of what to do if you have been splashed in the eye by a chemical is extremely important. The first thing to do is put your head beneath a steady flow of barely warm water for about 15 minutes. Next contact your optometrist or an emergency room to find out what they recommend for such injuries. Make certain to tell the practitioner exactly which substance entered your eye and what you've done. If your eye is extremely red or blurry, go straight to your optometrist or an emergency room after flushing it with water. Exposure to chemicals in the eye can result in a range of injuries, from minimal discomfort to serious damage and potentially vision loss.
Though it is sometimes unpleasant to think about an eye injury, it's recommended to have a plan for how to respond in potentially hazardous circumstances. By following these guidelines you can feel confident that you'll be ready to deal with most routine eye problems. Of course, extra safety measures can help you avoid these injuries from the get go so speak to your optometrist about preventative eye care options!